5 Clean with detergent.
6 Flood the area with 1:10 dilution of freshly made sodium
hypochlorite (bleach) solution or another acceptable disinfectant.
7 Let the disinfectant stand for at least 20 minutes.
8 Wipe up the disinfectant.
9 Dispose all materials safely in accordance with biohazard guidelines.
(10) Needle precautions.
(a) Needles should not be recapped, bent, broken, or removed from
(b) Used needles and all other sharps will be disposed of in puncture-
resistant biohazard containers.
(11) Special precautions.
(a) Some procedures are known to result in more frequent injury:
1 Using lancets for finger puncture.
2 Handling capillary tubes.
3 Crushing vials for arm disinfection.
4 Handling any uncapped needle.
5 Cleaning scissors.
(b) Find alternatives if possible, or provide extra training and protective
devices to personnel.
(12) Direct patient care.
(a) Avoid direct contact with blood drawn from patients and practice
(b) Blood bank staff may be involved in dealing with patients:
1 Autologous blood collection.
2 Therapeutic (phlebotomy or hemapheresis).