CORRESPONDENCE COURSE OF THE
U.S. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL
BLOOD DONOR OPERATIONS I I
Quality, in all aspects of care and services, is the primary goal of blood centers
and transfusion services. Over the years many discrete activities have been
incorporated into standing operating procedures (SOPs) to ensure the quality of the final
whole blood (WB) unit or component, such as quality control of reagents, staff
competency testing and laboratory proficiency testing programs, procedures for
equipment maintenance, and documentation of error and accident investigations. The
blood banking and transfusion medicine community has evaluated this quality model of
discrete activities and has determined that current quality standards require a more
comprehensive, prospective, system-based model. This new model is quality
Laboratory safety programs, intended to prevent workplace related morbidity and
mortality, should be a primary goal of every employer/employee team. Prevention is a
complex process involving, among other activities, the identification and removal of
hazardous conditions or the nullification of the risks they pose. Effective communication
and the provision and use of protective equipment are of primary significance. It may
also be necessary to identify and change habitual behavior of individuals whose
responsibilities place them at increased risk for injury or death.
Operational blood support remains a medical readiness issue for the Army.
Military operations have shown that blood management and the practice of transfusion
medicine face several limitations in the operations setting. The problem is
characterized by a shortage of blood products, inadequate technology for testing and
processing blood in the field, and short shelf-life blood products that cannot be
effectively utilized or managed in the field medical environment. Despite these
operational shortcomings, the requirement for blood and blood products on the modern
battlefield remains a critical medical requirement.
This subcourse consists of three lessons, a glossary of blood banking terms and
definitions, six annexes, a bibliography, and an examination. The lessons are:
Lesson 1, Quality Program and Information Management
Lesson 2, Look-Back, Peer Review, and Safety.
Lesson 3, Theater Blood Operations and Blood Bank Operational Report.