Solution to

All of the prefixes given in Frame 4-11 are multiples of 10. The metric

Frame 4-11.

system also used the negative powers of 10 (fractions whose

5,400 meters

measurements. Some of these prefixes are given below.

Prefix

Meaning

Example

deci-

1/10

ten decimeters equal 1 meter

centi-

1/100

one hundred centimeters equal 1 meter

milli-

1/1000

one thousand millimeters equal 1 meter

micro-

1/1,000,000

one million micrometers equal 1 meter

nano-

1/1,000,000,000

one billion nanometers equal 1 meter

How many millimeters are in 3.34 meters? _____________________

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Solution to

As you can see, all that is needed to change kilometers to meters is to

Frame 4-12.

multiply by the number of meters in a kilometer (1000). This is done

simply by moving the decimal point three places to the right. You can

3,340 millimeters

also convert meters to kilometers by dividing by 1000 (moving the

decimal point three places to the left). Consider how simple this is

compared to the U.S. Customary System. For example:

12 inches = 1 foot

3 feet = 1 yard

5.5 yards = 1 rod

40 rods = 1 furlong

8 furlongs = 1 mile

How many inches are there in one mile?

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MD0900

4-6

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