Solution to

The parts in a subtraction problem are the minuend, subtrahend, and the

Frame 1-3.

remainder. The remainder is sometimes called the "difference."

addend

Example:

978 minuend

+ addend

-243 subtrahend

sum

735 remainder (or difference)

The answer in a subtraction problem is called the

.

The top number is the

.

The number subtracted from the top number is called the

.

____________________________________________________________________________

Solution to

A multiplication problems consist of a multiplicand, a multiplier, and a

Frame 1-4

product. The multiplicand (top number) is the number to be multiplied.

The multiplier (second number) is the number doing the multiplying. The

remainder (or difference)

answer is called the product. The numbers being multiplied together (the

multiplicand and the multiplier) are sometimes referred to as "factors."

minuend

Label the parts of the following multiplication problem.

subtrahend

45

x4

180

In this problem, the "45" and "4" can also be called

.

____________________________________________________________________________

Solution to

Division is used to determine the number of times one number is

Frame 1-5

contained in another number. If you were to divide 18 by 6, you might

ask yourself, "How many groups of 6's are there in 18?" Your answer

multiplicand

would be 3. The answer is called the quotient. The number that is being

x multiplier

divided is called the dividend. The divisor is the number that is divided

product

into the dividend.

factors

6 = 3 (18 divided by 6 equals 3),

In the problem 18

"6" is the

,

"18" is the

,

and "3" is the

.

____________________________________________________________________________

MD0900

1-3

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