BACK MASSAGE AS A PATIENT COMFORT MEASURE
a. Decreases muscle tension and promotes relaxation.
b. Increases circulation to the area.
c. Aids in the development of the therapeutic nurse-patient relationship.
3-10. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF BACK MASSAGE
a. The psychological benefits of back massage cannot be overstressed for the
b. The following statements illustrate the concept of therapeutic touch as an
integral part of the domain of nursing.
(1) Touch can be perceived as a manifestation of caring and communication
between the nurse and the patient.
(2) Tactile communication between healthy and ill individuals can have
highly beneficial results.
c. Therapeutic touch may make some patients uncomfortable; you are entering
their personal space and their feelings must be respected, so make sure you ask the
patient if he/she would like a back rub.
d. Agents used for back massage.
Lotions or emollients.
(a) Lotions and emollients reduce friction and lubricate the skin.
(b) They are appropriate for most patients, especially those with a
tendency toward dry skin; that is, elderly patients.
(a) Alcohol evaporates quickly, so it has a cooling but very drying
(b) A certain amount of alcohol is absorbed by the skin so it should not
be used on infants, elderly patients, or patients with liver disease.
(a) Powder reduces friction but also has a drying effect on the skin.