2 Feet are extended over the edge of the mattress to avoid
hyperextension of the foot; or a pillow is placed under both ankles to prevent plantar
flexion (foot drop) as a result of prolonged hyperextension.
(d) Support the patient's body and keep it in good alignment.
1 A small pillow or folded towel under the head may be used to
prevent hyperextension and flexion of the neck.
2 A pillow under the abdomen provides comfort and prevents
hyperextension of the lower spine.
(e) Provide for the patient's comfort and safety.
1 Replace bedding neatly.
2 Raise and secure the side rails.
3 Place the call light within reach.
4 Position the bedside stand or over-the-bed table within reach so
the patient can get drinking water and personal items.
5 Leave the bed in a low position.
Report significant nursing observations to the Charge Nurse.
d. Lateral (see figure 4-7) and Sim's (see figure 4-3) Positions.
(b) Positioning aids as indicated.
Approach and identify the patient by checking identification band.
(a) Use simple terms.
(b) Point out benefits.