Figure 1-1. Perioperative nursing.
NOTE: Figure 1-1 shows teaching the patient and spouse during the preoperative
phase; nurse handing sponge to surgeon in the operative phase; patient being observed
and monitored during the recovery phase; and nurse checking patient's bandage during
the postoperative phase.
Although the physician is responsible for explaining the surgical procedure to the
patient, the patient may ask the nurse questions about the surgery. There may be
specific learning needs about the surgery that the patient and support persons should
know. A nursing care plan and a teaching plan should be carried out. During this
Assessing and correcting physiological and psychological problems that
may increase surgical risk.