c. Discussion or Counseling Groups.
(1) There is no structured curriculum for this type of teaching. Discussion is
developed from the contributions of group members. The group leader must be
knowledgeable and able to discuss all topics concerning obstetric and newborn care.
(2) This type of instruction has the advantage of not limiting the discussion
to certain topics as done in class groups. It allows for more participation and
involvement by the parents. Remember, it takes a highly qualified individual who is
good at listening but who is also capable to keep the discussion going.
d. Prepared Childbirth Groups.
(1) This is a form of informational instruction but includes active participation
by the group to prevent the fear-tension-pain mechanism of labor. It is designed to
eliminate fear during pregnancy.
Facts taught concern:
(a) Anatomy and physiology of childbearing.
(b) Appropriate care of the pregnant woman.
Sensations likely to accompany labor.
(d) Methods to work cooperatively with the sensations.
(e) Exercises to strengthen muscles in labor.
Breathing techniques to develop relaxation during labor.
Needs of the baby after birth.
(h) Information about growth and development.
a. Layette. A layette is considered as the clothing and supplies needed to care
for the infant following birth. Parents in classes are encouraged to prepare for the
infant's arrival before birth. Baby showers are usually given by the family and friends to
help provide some of the necessary items. Some clothing and care items are taken to
the hospital to bring the infant home. It is important to remind new parents that infants
grow quickly. Encourage them to not buy a lot of newborn items; infants outgrow
clothes very quickly, and in some cases, the clothes are never worn.