Asepsis. The absence of microorganisms that cause diseases.
microorganisms is prevented. Also called "sterile technique."
Autoclave. A sterilizing apparatus that uses saturated steam under
h. Bacteria. One category of microorganisms. Microorganisms are of great
concern to hospital personnel because they are difficult to destroy and produce many
i. Bagged. Method of enclosing supplies and equipment. This may be done
by plastic or paper to prevent the spread of infection or to maintain sterility.
j. Circulator. The technician on the operating room team who functions
outside of the sterile field during surgery.
Contaminated. Soiled with microorganisms.
l. Cross Contamination. Transmission of microorganisms from patient to
patient and from contaminated objects to patients and vice versa.
m. Detergent. A cleansing agent that facilitates removal of grease or soil. A
suitable detergent must be selected; it must clean but not injure the surface of the
n. Disease. A condition in which there is incorrect or poor functioning of any
part, organ, or system of the body.
o. Disinfectant. An agent that kills all growing forms of microorganisms, thus
completely eliminating them from objects; used only on inanimate objects.
p. Disinfection. The chemical or physical process of destroying all
pathogenic microorganisms except spore-bearing ones. Disinfectants are used on
objects--not on tissue.
q. Disposables. Commercially prepackaged, usually pre-sterilized items,
designed for one-time use.
r. Draping. The procedure of covering the patient and surrounding areas with
a sterile barrier to create and maintain an adequate sterile field during an operation.
Drapes include towels and sheets and may be disposable.
s. Germ. A common term for a microscopic or submicroscopic organism
capable of producing disease.