INDICATIONS/CONTRAINDICATIONS OF THE EOA AND EGTA
a. Indications for Use of the EOA and EGTA. Either of these devices can be
used if one of the following conditions exist: the casualty is in a deep coma; the
casualty has shallow respirations; the casualty has progressive cyanosis; the casualty
has cardiopulmonary arrest.
The EGTA may be used for gastric lavage (washing out of the stomach) or
gavage (forced feeding by flexible tube and pump) which might be required
for a patient who has taken an overdose of drugs.
b. Contraindications for Use of EOA and EGTA. These devices should not
be used if these conditions exist. Do not use if the casualty is conscious and/or is
breathing effectively on his own. The gag reflex may operate causing the casualty to
retch or choke. Do not use either device on infants, children, or adults under five feet
tall. Devices small enough to fit these individuals have not been developed. Do not use
EOAs or EGTAs if the casualty has facial damage, esophageal disease, or if the
casualty has ingested a caustic substance.
INTUBATING WITH AN EOA AND EGTA
a. Equipment. The following equipment will be needed to perform an EOA or
Esophageal obturator airway (EOA or EGTA)
50 cc syringe.
Lubricating jelly (K-Y or Lidocaine Jelly).
EGTA (gastric tube).
EOA (suction device).
b. Procedural Steps for Intubating. Complete the following steps:
Gather the equipment:
(a) EOA or EGTA syringe.
(b) K-Y lubricant.