(b) Arms are at the patient's sides (parallel to the body) with hands
Legs are parallel to his body.
(d) Hips, knees, and feet should be in good alignment.
Support the body parts in good alignment for comfort.
(a) Place a pillow under the head and shoulders to prevent strain on
neck muscles and hyperextension and flexion of the neck.
(b) Support the small of the back with a folded bath towel or small
(c) Put a footboard at the foot of the bed and place the feet flat against
it (at right angles to the legs) to prevent plantar flexion ("foot drop").
(d) Arrange a sandbag along the outer portion of the right foot to keep
the foot upright.
(e) Make a trochanter roll and arrange it along the right hip and thigh to
keep the hip joint from rotating outward.
Place a pillow under each forearm so the arm is at least six inches
from the body.
Provide for the patient's comfort and safety.
(a) Replace the bedding neatly and raise the side rails, if used.
(b) Place the call light within reach.
(c) Position the bedside stand or overbed table so that the patient will
be within easy reach of drinking water and personal items.
(d) Leave the bed in the low position.
(10) Report significant nursing observations to the charge nurse.
b. Placing the Adult Patient in the Fowler's and Semi-Fowler's Position
(see figures 4-5 and 4-6).