3-12. IMPROVISED BLANKET LITTER
An improvised litter can be made using only a blanket, poncho, or similar
material. The blanket is laid on the ground and two opposite edges of the blanket are
rolled toward the middle (figure 3-12 A). When the casualty is placed on the blanket,
the rolled edges are used as grips. Four or more litter bearers should be used when
transporting a casualty using the blanket litter (figure 3-12 B).
Figure 3-12. Improvised blanket litter.
3-13. IMPROVISED DOOR OR BOARD LITTER
A door, wide board, bench, ladder, or similar object may be used as a litter. If
possible, pad the litter. Before placing the casualty on the litter, place an object under
the head end of the litter. Elevating the end of the litter makes it easier for the bearers
to grasp the end of the litter. After securing the casualty to the litter, lift the head end
first to allow the bearers at the foot end to grasp their end of the litter. When lowering
the litter to the ground, lower the foot-end first, then the head end. If the litter is to be
lifted again, place an object under the head end.
3-14. IMPROVISED CHAIR LITTER
A casualty can be transported while seated in a chair. After securing the
casualty to the chair, one bearer grips the chair legs as far up the legs as possible and
lifts. A second bearer supports the back of the chair.