NOTE: When litter casualties are being transported, remove the litter rail extensions
(figure 4-2) from the storage compartments and use them to help load the
litters into the berths and unload litters. Details on how to prepare, use, and
store the litter rail extensions are given in Field Manual 8-10-6, Medical
Evacuation in a Theater of Operations.
Figure 4-2. M996 litter rail extension.
a. Two-Litter Load. When two litter casualties are to be transported, load the
casualties in the following order.
Left berth (more seriously injured casualty).
b. Mixed Load. When a mixed load is to be transported, load the litter casualty
in the right berth and the ambulatory casualties on the seat on the left.
c. Ambulatory Load. Make sure the litters are in a stowed position and
secured. Then seat the ambulatory casualties on the right and left sides.
M997 ARMORED AMBULANCE
The M997 (figure 4-3) is a diesel-powered vehicle designed for use over all types
of roads and cross-country terrain. The ambulance is equipped with a GPFU for
operations in an NBC environment. It is also equipped with an air conditioner. The
M997 can carry four litter casualties or eight ambulatory casualties or a mixed load of
two litter casualties and four ambulatory casualties. Use a three-man litter team to load
and unload litter casualties from the M997.