(6) Evacuate, if needed. If the casualty is unable to drink water because of
nausea or if the casualty's signs and symptoms do not improved after drinking fluids,
medical attention is required. Evacuate the casualty to a medical treatment facility.
4-13. HEATSTROKE (SUNSTROKE)
In the condition heatstroke, the casualty's temperature-regulating mechanisms fail, and
his body cannot get rid of excessive heat. Heatstroke is a medical emergency.
Heatstroke can occur to:
Individuals who work or exercise in hot environments--athletes, laborers, and
Elderly people who live in poorly ventilated apartments without air
Children left in cars with the windows rolled up.
a. Signs and Symptoms. Included are the following:
Deep, then shallow breathing.
Full, rapid pulse.
Dry, hot skin.
Little or no perspiration.
Often, loss of consciousness.
(1) Protect casualty from sun. Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or
construct shade for the casualty.
(2) Remove clothing. Remove the casualty's outer clothing if you are not in a
(3) Cool casualty.
If there is a source of cool water nearby, immerse the casualty in the
If the casualty cannot be immersed, pour cool water on him. Fan him
in order to promote evaporation, thus increasing the cooling effect. Also, massage his
arms and legs to promote blood circulation and thus promote heat loss. Elevating his
legs will also help promote circulation and help to control shock.