(1) Garbage containers. Garbage must be collected in tightly closed
containers--normally galvanized iron containers with tightly fitted overlapping covers--
placed on stands.
Contents may not accumulate above a level of 4 inches from the top.
Garbage may not be transferred from can to can, as spillage may
result in the attraction and breeding of flies.
Cans must be cleaned thoroughly after emptying and prior to
returning to stands
(2) Garbage bags. Some food service establishments, depending on local
authority, use disposable plastic-lined paper bags for the collection and disposal of
garbage. Such a method, where authorized locally, eliminates much of the labor
connected with cleaning garbage cans.
g. Rubbish. Rubbish consists of solid waste other than food and food products.
Rubbish is normally placed for collection in truck-portable refuse containers (dumpsters)
or in galvanized iron containers like those used for garbage. The same rules of
cleanliness, which apply to garbage containers, govern rubbish containers.
h. Insect arid Rodent Control
(1) Insect- and rodent-borne diseases. Insects and rodents are responsible
for the spread of many serious infectious diseases, including malaria, yellow fever,
encephalitis, filariasis, typhus, tularemia, plague, leptospirosis, rabies, and many others.
Of primary concern to food service facilities, however, are those
diseases that are transmitted by a combination of pests and foods.
Many of the diseases discussed in this lesson may be spread by
insects or rodents which come in contact with filth from latrines, garbage, or any outside
source, and then contaminate food.
The most common offenders are the housefly, the cockroach, the rat,
and the mouse.
(2) Physical measures. The most effective control measure against insects
and rodents is to prevent entry.
When inspecting, give special attention to screens, to the closeness
of fit of doors and windows, and to the effectiveness of door-closing devices.
Insects may be detected by their presence and by checking dark or
closed areas with a flashlight.