Figure 5-5. Cycles of malaria infections.
5-12. MALARIA PREVENTION AND CONTROL
a. General. Measures for the prevention and control of malaria fall into two
(1) Prevention of bites by mosquitoes. The most effective means of malaria
prevention is avoiding mosquito bites. Such prevention includes personal protective
measures and the control of the mosquito and its environment. Personal protective
measures comprise the first line of defense against malaria.
(2) Prevention of development of disease. This includes chemoprophylaxis
and effective early treatment of cases.
b. The Principle of Multiple Protective Measures. Prevention of development
of malaria in persons bitten by mosquito vectors is discussed in paragraph 5-14a
through f. When dealing with prevention of malaria, keep the following points in mind:
Prophylaxis should never by relied on as the sole measure for malaria
Malaria prophylaxis provides no protection against dengue, filariasis,
arthropod-borne encephalitides, and other diseases of similar epidemiology, which also
may be prevalent in the malarious area.
The nuisance to morale and the actual debilitating effects of heavy
mosquito biting must not be underestimated.