d. Health Hazards. Personnel involved in loading and disposing of refuse
should be aware of and be protected against diseases they are exposed to while
handling wastes. Such individuals should be trained to make use of personal hygiene
measures and protective equipment in order to minimize risks. Included in these
protective measures is having up-to-date immunization records.
1-7. SEGREGATION OF REFUSE
The segregation of refuse is primarily dependent upon the market value of
salvageable materials. However, an inventory of hazardous waste is to be conducted
and maintained by volume and/or quantity, including data tabulated by waste type and
generating process. The determination is made by the DRMO and enforcement is the
responsibility of unit commanders and others in charge of discarding activities.
a. The unit or activity is to ensure that commingling of hazardous wastes are
enforced by implementing appropriate waste management, treatment, storage, and
b. Barracks and family quarters occupants do not normally segregate refuse
because of the small quantities involved. However, due to its bulk and special handling
requirements, debris consisting of tree and brush cuttings, construction wastes, and
other trash which will not fit into containers is normally segregated and picked up on a
special schedule. Family quarters and food service facilities normally dispose of
garbage by the use of garbage grinders, when so equipped, and when separate
collection of edible garbage is not required.
1-8. REFUSE COLLECTION
a. General. The method and frequency of refuse collection depend upon a
number of factors such as the size of the installation, the type of equipment available,
the availability of civilian contractors, the market for salvageable materials, and the
b. Principal Types of Vehicles. There are many types of collection vehicles
available; however, collection vehicles fall into two basic types--waste-haul and
container-haul. With the waste-haul vehicle, solid waste is collected from individual
containers by emptying the contents into the collection vehicle. The container-haul
vehicle collects and transports the filled containers.
(1) The most common type of waste-haul vehicle is the compactor truck of
which there are three basic types:
(a) Front-loading compactor trucks (see figure 1-1) can collect from bulk
containers. The solid waste is loaded into the top front and is compacted by a hydraulic
ram which pushes the solid waste against the rear of the body.