g. Prevention of fungus infections.
h. Adequate lighting.
Temperature and humidity control.
General sanitation and safety measures.
a. Types of Troop Housing.
(1) Troop barracks. Army engineers have designed troop barracks to be
used for emergencies. During an emergency, troop barracks can accommodate many
more people than they normally accommodate in peacetime. Due to this extra space,
troop barracks are fully capable of providing adequate sleeping space per person
(square feet per person) under peacetime conditions.
(2) Standard billets. Standard billets used to house enlisted personnel
normally contain living quarters, the necessary kitchen and dining room facilities,
dayroom, toilet facilities, laundry facilities, personal storage space, and administrative
space. The most important category of space within troop billets is the living (sleeping)
area per person. An overcrowded sleeping area is the primary factor in respiratory
disease transmission among housed personnel. A sick person is much more likely to
infect others in a crowded billet than in a billet with enough space per person to allow
droplets to fall out of the air. The policy of the U.S. Army Medical Department, then, is
to give at much sleeping area to each person as possible.
b. Minimum Adequacy Standards. The Army provides a sleeping area for
each enlisted person at an installation. The minimum adequacy standards for the
construction of sleeping areas in billets under ideal (peacetime) conditions are as
(1) The troop sleeping area does not include:
(a) Unit administrative office space.
(b) Issue and storage space.
(c) Circulation space (stairways, elevators, hallways, etc.).
(d) Weapons and operational equipment storage rooms.
(f) Mechanical equipment room.