(1) The figures in the chart indicate ratios. For example, Figure 2-3 specifies
that commodes for men should be constructed at the ratio of 1/10. This means one
commode for each group of 10 males. Fifty males require five commodes (50 x 1/10 =
(2) There is no requirement for bathtubs for males or urinals for females
b. Other Sanitation Requirements for Latrine Facilities.
(1) The toilet room should be light in color and made of easily cleanable
materials. The room must be kept scrupulously clean at all times.
(2) A self-closing door and adequate ventilation are required. Handwashing
and bathing facilities with hot and cold running water should be provided.
(3) All fixtures and floors should be washed daily with hot, soapy water.
2-14. CLOTHING AND BEDDING CARE
a. Clothing easily becomes contaminated with germs that may be present in the
stool, urine, or in secretions of the nose and throat. Underclothing should be changed
daily, if possible. Outer clothing should be washed or cleaned when it becomes soiled.
Shaking clothing followed by a 2-hour airing and sunning will reduce disease germs.
The shaking should always be done out of doors. Soiled clothing should be stored in a
barracks bag or locker and not left scattered around the area to contaminate the
b. At least once a week, bed sheets should be cleaned and blankets, pillows,
and mattresses should be sunned and aired.
2-15. BUILDING REPAIR
Proper building and ground maintenance can prevent several important pest
problems. Drainage, filling, rodent proofing, and screening of all buildings with fine (18-
mesh) screening on doors and windows are basic controls against fly and mosquito
disease vectors. Screen doors should open outward and close automatically. They
should be of sturdy construction so they do not warp or sag. They should be reinforced
at hand and foot levels with cross-strips of wood or metal. Strips of wood or metal
should block any spaces between the frame and the door where flies and mosquitoes
might enter. In areas with a high rate of malaria, entrances should have a vestibule with
double screen doors at least six feet apart and opening outward. All openings in
screened buildings, such as cracks, knotholes, spaces in flooring, walls, or corner joints,
should be closed with pieces of tin cans, shingles, or mastic. The mastic can be made
by boiling shredded paper and flour into a doughy mass and adding sand and cement.
Torn screening should be repaired promptly.