Figure 4-8. Uninjured leg used as an anatomical splint.
a. Obtain Materials. You will need two rigid objects, padding, and securing
materials. The rigid objects should extend from the casualty's foot to approximately half
way up his thigh.
b. Position the Securing Materials. Position two cravats above the fracture
site and two below the fracture site. Push the securing materials under natural body
curvatures and move them up or down until they are in proper position. Do not place a
cravat directly under the fracture site.
Position one cravat above the knee.
Position the second cravat between the knee and the fracture site.
Position the third cravat between the fracture site and the ankle.
Position the fourth cravat beneath the ankle.
c. Position the Rigid Objects. Place one rigid object on the inside of the
injured leg and the other on the outside. Position them so the joint above the fracture
and the joint below the fracture can be immobilized.
d. Apply Padding. Place padding between the rigid objects and the limb.
Apply extra padding to the knee and ankle areas.
e. Secure the Rigid Objects and Check Circulation. Wrap the securing
materials around the rigid objects so they immobilize the limb. Tie the tails of each
securing cravat in a non-slip knot on the outer rigid object and away from the casualty.
The securing material should be tight enough to hold the rigid objects securely in place,
but not tight enough to interfere with blood circulation. (You should be able to slip one
finger beneath the knot.) Check the casualty's pulse after each cravat is tied. If the
cravat interferes with the casualty's circulation, loosen the cravat and apply it again.