Figure 4-1. Handwashing device using five gallon water cans.
b. Food Cans, First Method. One method is to punch four small holes in a
number 10 can and mount this can as illustrated in figure 4-2 A. Water is dipped from
the large container and poured into the number 10 can. The water then flows from the
number 10 can in four streams of water. The large container of water should be
covered when this device is not in use to prevent mosquitoes from using the water for
c. Food Cans, Second Method. Another method is to arrange number 10 size
food cans as shown in figure 4-2 B. Wooden rods are run through the tops of the cans
and the ends of the rods are supported by forked sticks. The handles are made from
small sticks that have had one end split. These are fitted over the back of the cans. As
these cans hold only small amounts of water, the water must be constantly replenished.
Shower facilities in the field are important not only from the standpoint of
personal hygiene, but also in the interest of maintaining good morale in a unit.
Whenever possible, support should be requested from a quartermaster bath
detachment. The detachment can provide a portable eight-showerhead bath unit
capable of providing hot showers and a clothing exchange service for 2,000 to 3,000
troops per week. Because such support is not always available and because a weekly
shower is not adequate for active troops in warm weather, units should make every
effort to improvise showers in the field. Figure 4-3 shows two methods of improvising
showers using 55-gallon drums. During hot weather, heat from the sun may help
remove the chill from shower water. Caution should be used when taking showers in
the afternoon in hot climates since the water may reach scalding temperatures.
Painting the containers a dark color will help increase absorption of heat from the sun.
In the winter or when large amounts of hot water are needed, heating must be
accomplished by another method such as by means of an immersion heater.