Figure 5-1. Wind chill chart.
q. Have Soldiers Memorize "COLD." Soldiers should memorize the meaning
of the acronym COLD (keep clothing Clean, avoid Overheating your body, wear clothing
in Layers, and keep clothing Dry). Memorizing this acronym will help soldiers to
remember to take preventive measures against cold injuries.
Chilblain usually results from prolonged exposure of skin to cool or cold air
temperatures (50F to 32F) or from exposure to freezing temperatures (32F and below)
for a shorter time.
a. Chilblain is characterized by skin (usually the hands, feet, or ears) that is very
red, swollen, itching, tender, and hot to the touch.
b. Continued exposure results in sores (lesions) on the surface of the skin.
These sores may bleed and become inflamed, open sores.