c. Narcotics. Narcotics are drugs that have a powerful analgesic (pain
relieving) and sedative (calm and alleviate anxiety) effect on an individual. Some of
these drugs are listed below.
(1) Opium. Opium is a bitter, brownish addictive narcotic drug that consists
of the dried juice of the opium poppy.
(2) Morphine. Morphine is a bitter, crystalline addictive narcotic base drug
that is used as an analgesic and sedative.
(3) Heroin. Heroin is a strongly physiologically addictive narcotic drug that
is made from morphine, but is more potent than morphine.
(4) Methadone. Methadone is a synthetic addictive narcotic drug, used
especially in the form of its hydrochloride for the relief of pain and as a substitute
narcotic in the treatment of heroin addiction.
(5) Codeine. Codeine is a morphine derivative drug that is found in opium.
Codeine is weaker in action than morphine and is used in cough remedies.
to produce hallucinations and intensifies perception. These drugs often result in
dangerous psychiatric symptoms and behavior, attempts at suicide, or panic reactions.
Some of these drugs are listed below.
(1) Marijuana (commonly known as "pot" or "weed"). Marijuana is an extract
from the plant top of a flowering hemp plant that, when inhaled as smoke, produces
euphoria, relaxation, and drowsiness.
(2) Hashish. Hashish is a form of cannabis from the flowering tops and
spouts of female hemp plants, which contains the highest concentration cannabinolis.
(3) Lysergic acid diethylamide Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)is a widely
acclaimed drug. It is in the form of liquid and is usually placed on some material for oral injection.
(4) Phencyclidine . Phencyclidine (PCP) is a drug that can be absorbed by mouth or
intravenously, as well as by smoking or snorting. It is a crystalline, water-soluble, and
See Table 1-1 for a more detailed list of commonly abused substances.