Quantcast Section II. Electrolytes in Body Fluids - Blood, Electrolytes, and Intravenous Infusions

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
Figure 2-2. Extracellular fluid distribution.
Section II. ELECTROLYTES IN BODY FLUIDS
2-5.
ELECTROLYTES
The amounts of intracellular and extracellular fluids contained in a person's body
are extremely important to his healthy physiology. Losses of body fluids by vomiting,
diarrhea, or excessive perspiration can produce illness or even death. Whenever body
fluids are lost, the substances dissolved in the fluids are also lost. Certain inorganic
substances are found in the body's fluids. These are called "electrolytes." Examples of
electrolytes are potassium and chloride. These electrolytes exist in their "ion" state in
the body fluids. This means that each ion can combine with one or more ions to form
needed body compounds or can produce electro-chemical equilibrium (or balance).
One example of this is the osmotic pressure that causes water to flow across a cell
membrane. The relationship between the concentrations of sodium and potassium
electrolytes in the cells and the extracellular fluid causes the water to flow into and out
from the cells. There is usually a low level of sodium in the cells and a high
concentration of potassium. The milliequivalent (mEq) is a unit of measure for the
electrolyte.
a. The movement of electrolytes is governed by their electrical charge. Some
are positively charged and are called "cations." Others are negatively charged and
called "anions." Below are the major electrolytes, their chemical abbreviations, and the
amount of each contained in a liter of extracellular fluid.
+
Sodium (Na )
140 mEq
Chloride (Cl )
100 mEq
Bicarbonate (HCO3 )
27 mEq
+
Potassium (K )
4 mEq
+
(Mg 2)
Magnesium
3 mEq
MD0564
2-4



Medical News
Mammography benefits overestimated, review says
An in-depth review of randomised trials on screening for breast,...
medicalxpress.com
A year-long trip: One patient’s drug use linked to Alice in Wonderland syndrome
A mind-bending condition long known for its associations with migraines...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
'Beyond aid' in health care: Is it time for scrutiny?
The UK government's investments in private hospital chains in developing...
medicalxpress.com
USDA prepares for possible return of bird flu this fall
A top veterinary official with the U.S. Department of Agriculture...
medicalxpress.com
California right-to-die bill stalls with Catholics opposed
In a blow to the right-to-die movement, California lawmakers on...
medicalxpress.com
Novartis Heart Failure Drug Approved by FDA
(MedPage Today) -- Entresto may be a game changer...
medpagetoday.com
Landmark ruling in Argentine death-with-dignity case
Relatives of an Argentine man who has been in a...
medicalxpress.com
Citrus Fruit May Up Melanoma Risk: Cancer Network and OncoTherapy News
(MedPage Today) -- Also, new nanoparticles deliver drugs directly to...
medpagetoday.com
Mother's diet affects offspring alcohol and nicotine use in lab animal study
Researchers at The Rockefeller University have found in a study...
medicalxpress.com
Heightened ability to imagine odors linked to higher body weight
Researchers at The John B. Pierce Laboratory and the Yale...
medicalxpress.com
Stress-coping strategy and mom's stress levels during pregnancy
Johns Hopkins researchers have found that offspring born to mother...
medicalxpress.com
Study finds that high fat diet changes gut microbe populations
Have you ever wondered why eating one good-tasting French fry...
medicalxpress.com
Cutting health care costs isn't easy
Convincing the nation's most vulnerable citizens to avoid costly emergency...
medicalxpress.com
Kids' brain responses to food depend on their body composition
Research using brain imaging technology has revealed a brain response...
medicalxpress.com
Report: Number of US heroin users rose 300,000 over a decade
The number of U.S. heroin users has grown by nearly...
medicalxpress.com
FDA approves new heart failure pill from Novartis
Government regulators have approved a new pill from Novartis to...
medicalxpress.com
Study reveals brain network responsible for cognitive changes in multiple sclerosis
An estimated 2.3 million individuals are living with multiple sclerosis...
medicalxpress.com
Discovery could improve in vitro fertilization success rates for women around the world
Scientists at Oregon Health & Science University, Stanford University, University...
medicalxpress.com
Taking the pain out of office work
Office work will become much less of a pain in...
medicalxpress.com
Hospitals' Childbirth Costs Vary Widely (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Costs in 2011 ranged from $1,189 to...
medpagetoday.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +