(b) Antibiotics--may be incompatible with anesthetic agent, resulting in
untoward reactions. Those in mycin group may cause respiratory paralysis when
combined with certain muscle relaxants used during surgery.
Anticoagulants--may precipitate hemorrhage.
(d) Diuretics--may cause electrolyte (especially potassium) imbalances,
resulting in respiratory depression from the anesthesia.
(e) Tranquilizers--may increase the hypotensive effect of the anesthetic
agent, thus contributing to shock.
REASONS FOR SURGICAL INTERVENTION
Descriptors used to classify surgical procedures include ablative, diagnostic,
constructive, reconstructive, palliative, and transplant. These descriptors are directly
related to the reasons for surgical intervention:
a. To cure an illness or disease by removing the diseased tissue or organs.
b. To visualize internal structures during diagnosis.
c. To obtain tissue for examination.
d. To prevent disease or injury.
e. To improve appearance.
f. To repair or remove traumatized tissue and structures.
g. To relieve symptoms or pain.
SECTION III. RECOVERY ROOM CARE
8-10. THE RECOVERY ROOM
a. The recovery room is defined as a specific nursing unit, which accommodates
patients who have undergone major or minor surgery. Following the operation, the patient
is carefully moved from the operating table to a wheeled stretcher or bed and transferred
to the recovery room. The patient usually remains in the recovery room until he begins to
respond to stimuli. General nursing goals of care for a patient in the recovery room are:
(1) To support the patient through his state of dependence to independence.
Surgery traumatizes the body, decreasing its energy and resistance. Anesthesia impairs
the patient's ability to respond to environmental stimuli and to help himself. An artificial
airway is usually maintained in place until reflexes for gagging and swallowing return.