b. Signs and symptoms include the following.
Shortened Achilles tendon.
Calf muscles may be shortened and underdeveloped.
(3) Foot is tight in its deformed position and resists manual efforts to push
it back into its normal position.
c. Treatment is administered in three stages: Correcting the deformity,
maintaining the correction until the foot regains normal muscle balance, and observing
the foot several years to prevent the deformity from recurring. The ideal time to begin
treatment is during the first few days and weeks of life.
(1) Manipulation of the foot/feet and casting. A plaster of Paris cast is
applied from the groin with the knee flexed. Once the deformity is fully corrected, the
foot is held in an over corrected position in a solid cast for three to six weeks.
(2) Exercise. Passive stretching exercises are done to manipulate the
foot/feet into normal position.
(3) Night splints . The Denis Brown splint is composed of a flexible
horizontal bar that is attached to a pair of foot plates. The infant's feet are attached to
foot plates and positioning the abduction bar and the foot plates controls the desired
position of the foot.
Orthopedic shoes . Orthopedic shoes may be worn during the day or
Surgery. Resistant clubfoot may require surgery.
d. Nursing intervention.
Be able to recognize clubfoot as early as possible. This is of primary
Stress the importance of prompt treatment to parents.
Care for the cast.