d. Signs of Withdrawal.
Coarse, flapping tremors.
Vigorous, ineffective sucking, poor feeding.
Excessive tearing and sweating.
Sneezing, nasal stuffiness.
Convulsions - with methadone withdrawal.
Hyperpyrexia (an excessively high body temperature).
e. Size. High incidence of infants born to addicted mothers are premature
and/or small for gestational age.
Narcotic antagonist is used to counteract narcotic-induced respiratory
Drug therapy is used for alleviation of signs of narcotic withdrawal.
Supportive therapy is given as appropriate.
g. Nursing Care Considerations.
(1) Be familiar with withdrawal symptoms to facilitate early diagnosis in
order to decrease morbidity/mortality of high-risk infants.
Record accurately and in detail all signs and observations of
Time of onset.
Treatment initiated and response.
(e) Vital signs.