Condyle. A smooth, rounded, swelling at the articular end of a bone.
Epicondyle. A small eminence of bone above the condyle, usually
(10) Coracoid process. A beak-like process.
(11) Coronoid process. A crown-like process.
(12) Malleolus. Process resembling a little hammer.
i. Depressions Found on Bones.
Fossa. Shallow depression.
(2) Facet. A smooth depression on the surface of a bone for articulation
with another bone.
Groove or sulcus. An elongated depression on the surface of a bone; a
Pit. An indentation.
j. Other Terms Relating to Bones.
Fissure. A narrow slit between two bones.
Foramen. A hole or opening in a bone.
Sinus or antrum. Terms used to designate a hollow space within a
Meatus. An opening to a passageway.
Cartilage is a living tissue that occurs in three forms: hyaline cartilage, white
fibrocartilage, and yellow or elastic cartilage.
a. Hyaline Cartilage. The most common of the three, it appears as a
bluish-white, translucent substance and is very flexible and somewhat elastic. In the
early embryo, the skeleton is composed of this type of cartilage; but during fetal
development, most of this embryonic skeleton is replaced by bone. However, in the
adult, hyaline cartilage persists in the smooth, articular, surfaces of joints, in the costal
cartilages, in the rings of the trachea and bronchi, and in the cartilage of the nose.