b. Head and Neck. The brain, eyes, ears, mouth, pharynx, and larynx are
found in this region.
(1) Each upper member includes a shoulder, arm, forearm, wrist, and hand.
(2) Each lower member includes a hip, thigh, leg, ankle, and foot.
Section II. ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY
1-7. ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY
a. As mentioned earlier, you must know the language of a particular field to be
successful in it. Each field has specific names for specific structures and functions.
Unless you know the names and their meanings, you will have trouble saying what you
mean. You will have trouble understanding what others are saying. You will not be
able to communicate well.
b. What is a scientific term? It is a word that names or gives special information
about a structure or process. Some scientific terms have two or three different parts.
These parts are known as a PREFIX, a ROOT (or base), and a SUFFIX. An example is
the word subcutaneous.
SUB = below prefix
CUTIS = skin root
SUBCUTANEOUS = below the skin
A second example is the word myocardium.
MYO = muscle prefix
CARDIUM = heart root
MYOCARDIUM = muscular wall of the heart