11.A synosteosis is a joint in which the bones are united by bony material. (para 4-8b)
12. A synchondrosis is a joint in which the bones are held together by hyaline
13. A symphysis is a joint in which the bones are held together by a disc of
14. A synovial joint is a joint in which the bones are able to move freely upon one
15. The major parts of a synovial joint are:
(1) Synovial membrane.
(2) Synovial space.
(3) Synovial fluid.
16. Synovial joints may be classified as follows:
Uni-axial--motion in one plane.
(1) HInge joint.
(2) Pivot joint.
Bi-axial--motion in two planes.
Multi-axial--motion in all three planes.
(1) Ball-and-socket joint.
17. The major subdivisions of the skeleton are the:
a. Axial skeleton--the central framework of the human body--including the skull,
vertebral column, and thoracic cage.
b. Appendicular skeleton--skeletal elements of the upper and lower members.
18. The two major parts of a typical vertebra are the:
a. Vertebral body--drum-shape cylinder. Its function is to bear weight.
b. Neural arch--arch over posterior of the spinal cord. The neural arch has
several processes. The processes are sites for attachment of trunk muscles and act as