Remember: When dealing with whole numbers (no fractions or
decimals), the numeral to the far right tells how many ones (1), the
numeral to its left tells how many tens (10 x 1), the next numeral to the
left tells how many hundreds (10 x 10), the next numeral tells how many
thousands (10 x 100), and so on with the place value increasing by a
factor of ten each time.
NOTE: In the above statement, number refers to the entire value.
Numeral refers to one digit (symbol) within the number.
Test your understanding of place values by filling in the blanks below.
PARTS OF A PROBLEM. Just like members of a family can be
identified by their relationship to other members (mother, son, aunt,
brother, etc.), the different numbers in a math problem can also be
identified by their relationships. For example, the number that results
when two or more numbers are added together is called the SUM. The
numbers that are added together are called ADDENDS.
Label the parts of the problem below: