c. Adaptation and effective functioning, even in the presence of chronic disease,
can be considered a state of wellness. A person may be in perfect physical condition,
but feel too tired and "blue" to go to work, while his co-worker, a diabetic, is at work,
functioning fully and accomplishing his job. Which of these two people is at a higher
level on the health-illness continuum?
Death occurs when adaptation fails completely, and there is irreversible
damage to the body.
ADAPTING TO CHANGE
The individual's state of health is determined by the ability to adapt to changes in
the following dimensions:
a. Developmental--changes in a person's behavior and ability, which are
associated with increasing age.
b. Psychosocial--the development of the personality, social attitudes, and skills.
c. Cultural--changes in or development of beliefs and values held by the
individual's family or culture.
d. Physiological--changes in body function.
POSITIVE HEALTH HABITS
Regardless of one's definition of health, the individual who practices the following
positive health habits on a regular basis is certainly at an advantage.
a. A balanced diet with adequate caloric intake.
b. Efficient elimination.
c. Regular exercise.
d. Adequate sleep, rest periods, and relaxation periods.
e. Regular medical checkups.
f. Regular dental checkups.
g. Maintenance of good posture.
h. Good grooming habits.