CATEGORIES OF BASIC HUMAN NEEDS
a. Physical Needs. These are closely related to body functions and are
sometimes referred to as primary or physiological drives. Physical needs include:
Clothing and shelter for body warmth and protection.
(6) Activity, or sensory and motor stimulation, including sex, physical
exercise, and rest.
b. Emotional Needs. Emotional needs are closely interwoven with physical
needs and are met in interaction with significant others. They include:
Love, including approval and esteem.
Importance, including recognition and respect.
This applies to the patient's perception of the nurse's feelings toward him.
For example, if your patient feels that you do not approve of or respect him,
he may become very demanding, or he may withdraw and not cooperate with
your efforts to make him healthy again.
Adequacy, including self-sufficiency and the need to be needed and
Productivity, including work and creative pursuits.
c. Social Needs.
Social needs grow out of the culture and society of which one is a member.
Identification or belonging.
Education or learning.