a. Every weight and measure in the metric system bears a simple relation to the

initial unit, the meter.

b. Every unit is multiplied or divided by the same number (that is, 10) to obtain

the next higher or lower denomination, and an increase or decrease is expressed by

moving the decimal point either to the right or to the left.

c. Its almost universal adoption makes it an international system.

a. The three basic units of the metric system are the meter, the gram, and the

liter. The names of the other units are formed by adding a prefix to one of these basic

units. Each prefix has a corresponding numerical value. These are listed below.

Prefix

Value

Basic Units

meter (m)

micro (mc,

)=

1___

gram (gm)

1,000,000

liter (l)

milli (m)

=

1___

1000

centi (c)

=

1__

100

deci (d)

=

1_

10

deka (dk)

=

10

hecto (h)

=

100

kilo (k)

=

1000

__1_

b. For example, a milliliter (ml) is equal to 1000 of a liter (l). A kilogram (kg) is

equal to 1000 grams (g).

MD0913

1-11

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