TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
These are only a few terms and definitions that will be used in this lesson. Other
terms and definitions will be dispersed throughout the lesson.
a. Broad Ligaments. Two wing-like structures that extend from the lateral
margins of the uterus to the pelvic walls and divide the pelvic cavity into an anterior and
a posterior compartment.
b. Corpus Luteum. The yellow mass found in the graafian follicle after the
ovum has been expelled.
c. Estrogen. The generic term for the female sex hormones. It is a steroid
hormone produced primarily by the ovaries but also by the adrenal cortex.
d. Fimbriae. Fringes; especially the finger-like ends of the fallopian tube.
e. Follicle. A pouch like depression or cavity.
f. Follicle Stimulating Hormone. The follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is a
hormone produced by the anterior pituitary during the first half of the menstrual cycle. It
stimulates development of the graafian follicle.
g. Graafian Follicle. A mature, fully developed ovarian cyst containing the ripe
h. Hormone. A chemical substance produced in an organ, which, being carried
to an associated organ by the bloodstream excites in the latter organ, a functional
i. Lactation. The production of milk by the mammary glands.
j. Luteinizing Hormone. A hormone produced by the anterior pituitary that
stimulates ovulation and the development of the corpus luteum.
k. Oocyte. A developing egg in one of two stages.
l. Ovum. The female reproductive cell.
m. Progesterone. The pure hormone contained in the corpora lutea whose
function is to prepare the endometrium for the reception and development of the
n. Reproduction. The process by which an offspring is formed.