instruments and materials will be required for the operation and have them ready when
needed. Many oral surgeons perform certain operations in a surgical operating room of a
hospital, often using general anesthesia. The dental specialist may be expected to
perform preparatory procedures, assist in surgery, and clean the operating room after
surgery. Therefore, he must be familiar with pertinent basic and local hospital operating
Section II. INSTRUMENTS
The most frequently performed procedure in oral surgery is the extraction of teeth.
A large proportion of oral surgery instruments are designed and used for the extraction of
teeth and tooth roots and the associated removal and contouring of alveolar bone.
Commonly used oral surgery instruments and equipment are discussed in this lesson.
Medical Supply Catalog nomenclature is included in capital letters in parentheses
following the name ordinarily used for each item. Syringes and needles used for local
anesthesia are found in on the Universal Data Repository (UDR) (Medical Catalog on CD-
Rom), class 6515 items. The instrument and materials setups illustrated in this lesson
are typical and may be varied as necessary.
EXTRACTION FORCEPS (FORCEPS, TOOTH EXTRACTING)
a. General. Extraction forceps are used in the removal of teeth. Variations in
these instruments are caused by differences in root shape, size, number, alignment of the
tooth, and location in the mouth. Except for those designed for some specific operations,
forceps generally follow certain basic principles. They are distinguished by the angles of
the beaks, the notches on the beaks, the contour, and the number engraved on the
b. Maxillary Anterior Forceps.
(1) Forceps number 65 is a bayonet-shaped forceps with pointed nibs used
primarily to remove crowded maxillary incisors and root fragments (figure 3-1).
Figure 3-1. Forceps No. 65.