Separate high risk persons from
Children who are very young.
persons with known or potential infections.
People who are very old.
Provide nutritional supplements to
persons on inadequate diets.
People on inadequate diets.
Vaccinate against certain types of
People who are chronically ill.
People receiving medical therapy.
Maintain proper sanitation.
People who are already ill.
People with open wounds.
Figure 1-5. Susceptible hosts and control measures.
Section III. BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS
HEALTH CARE WORKERS AT RISK
According to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimates,
approximately 5.6 million workers in health care and other facilities are at risk of
exposure to bloodborne pathogens such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV),
hepatitis B virus (HBV), and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM).
a. Those workers who have occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens
include, but are not limited to: nurses, physicians, dentists and dental workers,
laboratory and blood bank technologists and technicians, medical examiners,
morticians, phlebotomists, emergency room personnel, orderlies, housekeeping
personnel, laundry workers, and military medics.
b. Others also at risk include law enforcement personnel, firefighters,
paramedics, emergency medical technicians, and anyone else whose job might require
providing first-response medical care in which there is a reasonable expectation of
contact with blood or OPIM.
a. Bloodborne Pathogens. Pathologic microorganisms that are present in
human blood and can cause disease in humans. The term blood includes whole blood,
blood components, and products made from human blood.