Two important hormones of the pancreatic islets are insulin and glucagon.
These hormones are concerned with the glucose levels in the body.
Epinephrine and norepinephrine are produced by the adrenal medulla. These
hormones mobilize the energy-producing organs and immobilize the others. This is
important during the stress reaction, "fight or flight." (para 11-14)
Mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and some sex hormones are produced by the
adrenal cortex. Mineralocorticoids are concerned with electrolytes of the body.
Glucocorticoids are known for their anti-inflammatory effects. (para 11-15)
The testes produce male sex hormones, known as androgens.
The female sex hormones are the estrogens and progesterone. The tissues
affected by female sex hormones include the endometrium of the uterus and the
milk-producing portions of the mammary glands. During pregnancy, the placenta
End of Lesson 11