TREATING BLOOD, CHOKING, AND BLISTER AGENT CASUALTIES
IDENTIFY SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BLOOD AGENTS
Signs and symptoms produced by blood agents depend upon the concentration
of the agent and the duration of exposure. Prolonged exposure to low concentrations
may result in damage to the central nervous system resulting in irrationality, altered
reflexes, and/or an unsteady gait. Central nervous system damage may last for a few
weeks or longer. Sometimes, the damage to the central nervous system is permanent.
Signs and symptoms of blood agent poisoning include:
b. Nausea and vomiting.
d. Increased respirations.
e. Redness of the lips, skin, and nail beds.
f. Irritating odor (CK) or the smell of bitter almonds (AC) prior to masking.
g. Irritation of the eyes and lacrimation (CK).
h. Irritation of the throat, coughing, choking, or gasping.
Respiratory and cardiac arrest.
Prolonged exposure to low concentrations of a blood agent may cause
damage to the central nervous system (CNS) resulting in irrationality, altered
reflexes, and/or an unsteady gait. The CNS damage may last for several
weeks. Sometimes, the damage is permanent.