i. Disposal of Wastes. Liquid wastes must be conveyed to a public sewer
through enclosed piping or must be disposed of in another sanitary sewage system
approved by local/state health authorities. Floor drains must be functional and properly
trapped. Dry and product waste must be placed in suitable covered receptacles
conveniently located throughout the plant and premises. All waste must be collected
and disposed of at frequent intervals in a sanitary manner to prevent insect and rodent
attraction and development of objectionable odors. Inside the plant, the waste
receptacles, usually garbage cans must be water tight with lids, and stored on racks.
Outside the plant, there are refuse containers or dumpsters. The doors of the
receptacles must be kept closed at all times. Waste receptacles must be emptied when
the waste products reach to within four inches from the top. The personnel who are
handling waste must perform a thorough hand washing with a detergent and sanitizing
agent before handling food products. The area around dumpsters and garbage can
should be kept cleaned at all times because of the need for insect and rodent control.
j. Toilet, Dressing Room, and Hand washing Facilities.
(1) A sufficient number of sanitary toilets or privies must be provided. The
minimum number of toilets is based on the number of employees. Toilet facilities
required are shown in Table 1-1.
Number of employees of same sex
Minimum number of toilets required*
1 additional fixture for each additional 40
*Where toilets are not used by women, urinals may be provided instead of toilets,
except that the number of toilets in such cases must not be reduced to less than
two-thirds of the minimum specified.
Table 1-1. Toilet requirements.
(2) Toilet rooms must be conveniently located, constructed of materials that
can be easily and satisfactorily cleaned and sanitized, conveniently located, adequately
lighted, and separately vented to the outside. They must be constructed so that they do
not open directly into rooms or areas where components or products are processed or
stored. The doors must be tight fitting and self-closing. A sign directing employees to
wash their hands before returning to work must be conspicuously posted in all toilet