l. Scrap. Nonconforming material that is not suitable for its intended purpose
and which cannot be economically reworked or cannot be repaired in a manner
acceptable to the Government.
m. Semi-Perishable Foods. Foods that are shelf-stable and do not require
refrigeration during transportation or storage.
n. Shelf Life. The total elapsed time from the DOP to the date the product is
issued for immediate consumption.
o. Unfit for Human Consumption. Subsistence that would present a health
hazard if consumed. The local medical authority makes the determination.
p. Unfit for Intended Use. A food product that can no longer be used as
originally intended due to deterioration or other restricting factors.
2-20. INDUSTRY-PROCESSING TERMS
a. Assignable Cause. The reason found for an uncommon variation of a
process, usually initially identified by an out-of control situation on a control chart.
b. Control Limits. Statistical limits that establish the maximum variation
beyond the action that must be taken to investigate and when feasible correct the
cause(s) of nonconformance. Control limits are developed using standard statistical
methods and based on documented process history.
c. Control Point. This is a point, step, or procedure in a system where
conformance to contractual requirements can be controlled.
d. Corrective Action. Changes to processes, work instructions, workmanship,
training, inspections, tests, procedures, specifications, equipment, facilities or material
that result in preventing, minimizing or eliminating nonconformances.
e. Critical Control Point. Critical control point (CCP) is a point, step or
procedure in a system at which control can be applied and a food safety hazard can be
prevented, eliminated or reduced to acceptable levels.
f. Process. A repeatable set of tasks or activities designed to add value to the
output of a product or service for a customer.
g. Process Average. This is the average percent defective or the average
number of defects per hundred units of a product submitted by the supplier for original