(2) A leader influences people to be enthusiastic and willing to achieve the
desired goals. Leadership and motivation are closely connected.
Team leadership requires some management skills as well as leadership
a. Although many great nursing leaders emerged in the past, most nurses were
kept in subordinate positions. This subordination has diminished as more nurses learn to
apply their leadership skills to attain the ultimate goal of improved patient care. Nurses
with leadership skills can effect desired changes in the patient's health patterns, in the
medical treatment facility, in the nursing profession, and in the community.
b. Many adjectives are used to describe the traits or qualities of a leader. With
education, training, and practice, every nurse can develop the following leadership
(1) Professional knowledge. Nursing involves knowledge in biology, nursing
science, social science, and many other areas. It is impossible to master them all. Learn
how to find and use appropriate reference materials and resource persons quickly and
efficiently. Keep up with current nursing practices for validity, reliability, and applicability
and share your knowledge with peers and subordinates. Political awareness is also
required. Know how local, state, and national level legislation will affect health care before
supporting candidates or voting. Good leaders must be advocates of patient's rights in
order to improve patient care.
(2) A positive self-image. Leaders must be enthusiastic, dynamic, and self-
directed. They must be comfortable with themselves and act as role models to followers.
(3) Effective communication. Leaders must communicate effectively in order
to relate to others. The ability to communicate effectively is especially needed when
relating to patients, peers, subordinates, and superiors. Effective communication skills are
(a) Share information with team members and involve them in the
Define specific expectations.
Offer suggestions and assistance in the completion of tasks.
Elicit feedback from team members and provide feedback to