Give constructive criticism and offer positive reinforcement to
Practice active listening.
(4) Assertiveness. Leaders need to be assertive in team interaction and other
leadership situations. Assertiveness is used extensively when effecting change. Many
nurses participate in assertiveness training programs so they can strengthen the position
of nursing in the health-care system and increase its influence on patient care.
(5) Flexibility. Changes in the needs of patients, families, and the nursing
team can occur within minutes. The nursing role and all nursing functions require
(6) An understanding of human needs. The highest level on Maslow's
hierarchy of needs is self-actualization, which is the need for an individual to reach his or
her potential through full development of their unique capabilities. Effective leaders seek
ways to promote self-actualization in themselves and team members. An effective leader
understands the human need to feel useful and important, and the desire to belong, and to
be recognized as an individual.
TEAM LEADER RESPONSIBILITIES
a. The National Federation of Licensed Practical Nurses (NFLPN) Revised
Statement of Functions and Qualifications of the Licensed Practical Nurse states that the
licensed practical nurse, with additional preparation in specialized areas and under
direction of autonomous health professionals, is qualified to:
Supervise other nursing and health-related personnel.
(2) Coordinate and make assignments of other nursing and health-related
personnel and patients.
Serve as team leader.
Serve as charge nurse.
b. All members on a nursing team work together under the direction of the
physician to help the patient return to his optimum function as quickly as possible. The
team leader's responsibilities are:
(1) To attend change of shift reports. The change of shift report may be given
to the entire oncoming shift in one area or it may be given in "walking rounds." In walking
rounds, the departing nurse moves from patient to patient as he or she gives the report to
the oncoming staff. This enables the oncoming staff to view the patient's equipment and