Observe accurate I & O.
Document all information in the patient's clinical record.
1-75. EDUCATION OF PATIENT AND FAMILY
The goal of education is to aid the patient and his family in understanding the
nature of the disease, the control of the disease, and the prevention of complications.
a. The patient must understand that diabetes is a life-long disease that is
controlled, not cured.
(1) Explain normal and abnormal physiology of glucose metabolism in a
manner that is understandable to the patient.
Explain the signs and symptoms that occur, and why they occur.
b. The patient must understand and comply with diet therapy and weight control.
Explain the relation between obesity and diabetes.
Explain the effects of a controlled and uncontrolled diet on blood sugar
Explain the purpose of a regulated diet in relation to blood sugar.
(4) Teach the patient how to utilize the food exchange lists within his
(5) Caution the patient about the consequences of deviation from the
c. The patient must understand the importance of exercise and activity in
relation to blood sugar level.
(1) Explain that activity/exercise requires fuel (glucose) and will lower the
blood sugar level.
(2) Activity or exercise that is more strenuous than the patient's normal
routine may cause blood sugar to drop dangerously low.
(3) Extra activity or exercise should be planned for in advance. Insulin
dosage may need to be decreased, or food intake increased.
Explain that regular exercise improves circulation and general health.