SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES, LESSON 2
1. To control the composition, volume, and pressure of the body's fluids by
regulating excretion of water and solutes. (para 2-1a)
2. Nephrons. (para 2-2d)
3. Minor and major calyces. (para 2-2f)
4. Peristalsis. (para 2-3)
5. Approximately 6-7 1/2 inches. (para 2-5a)
6. Approximately 1 1/2 inches. (para 2-5b)
7. Glomerulus. (para 2-7c)
8. Tubules (of the nephrons). (para 2-7d)
9. Water (95 percent); solutes (5 percent). (para 2-8a)
10. Oliguria.(para 2-9a(3))
11. Less than 50. (para 2-9a(4))
12. Hematuria. (para 2-9b(9))
13. The urethral orifice is colonized by bacteria. (para 2-11d)
14. Keep container "on ice" or in a refrigerator. (para 2-12i)
15. Kidneys, ureters, bladder. (para 2-13a)
16. A correct answer consists of any four of the following:
To relieve distention.
To obtain a sterile specimen of urine.
To determine residual urine.
To provide continuous drainage of the bladder.
17. To reduce friction and trauma. (para 2-16b)
18. Inflate the balloon to test it, then deflate. (para 2-19a(12))