b. Discussion. The following paragraphs give suffixes as well as complete
phrases, words, and synonymous terms descriptive of operative procedures in the
above classifications ((1)-(9)). In addition, examples of kinds of operations in each
category are given, though these are not all inclusive. However, with this basic
information, the specialist can further enhance his understanding of surgical terminology
through the use of a standard medical dictionary.
a. Discussion. Incision is a cutting into, a formation of an opening. The
suffixes commonly used for operations classified as incisions are:
-(o)tomy--to cut into.
-(o)stomy--to provide with an opening.
-centesis--puncture or perforation.
b. Otomy Procedures. Otomy procedures, with examples, include the
Laparotomy--cutting into the peritoneal cavity for exploratory purposes.
Removal of foreign bodies.
Sclerotomy--removal of a foreign body from the eye.