OPERATING ROOM PERSONNEL, POLICIES, AND NOMENCLATURE
Section I. SURGICAL NOMENCLATURE
a. Discussion. The OR specialist should be familiar with surgical
nomenclature, the terminology used in the OR. Knowledge of nomenclature
enables the specialist to understand the surgery being performed so that he may
prepare for it adequately and assist the surgeon efficiently. Word combinations are
used frequently to identify different parts of the body, various disease conditions, or
specific operative procedures. Terms used to designate certain operative procedures
may be derived from either the name of the surgeon who originally developed the
technique or from the anatomical area involved. The terms defined in the following
paragraphs (2-1 through 2-11) are intended to supplement the OR specialist's
knowledge of medical vocabulary. The specialist can further enhance his
understanding of the terminology pertaining to surgical procedures by the use of a
standard medical dictionary.
b. Objectives of Surgery. Surgery is usually performed in order to accomplish
one of three objectives--to alleviate pain, to cure by removing diseased organs, or to
repair or reconstruct a part. The surgical procedures themselves may be classified as
(1) Palliative. A surgical procedure that is intended to relieve pain rather
than cure the disease.
Curative. A surgical procedure in which the diseased organ is removed.
(3) Plastic. A surgical procedure in which the part is repaired or
Diagnostic. A surgical procedure for the purpose of diagnosing.
TERMS PERTAINING TO OPERATIVE PROCEDURES
a. Classification of Operations. Surgical operations can be classified
according to the type of procedure, as follows: