Arthrotomy--removal of a surgical nail, pin, screw, and so forth, from a joint.
Nephrolithotomy--removal of kidney stones.
Division of a structure.
Myotomy--cutting or dissection of a muscle; also neurotomy, tenotomy.
Craniotomy--cutting into the skull for relief of pressure on the brain.
c. Ostomy Procedures. Ostomy procedures, with examples, include the
Surgical creation of an artificial passageway.
Gastrostomy--an artificial passageway through the abdominal wall to the
Formation of an artificial opening.
Colostomy--formation of an opening in the abdominal wall for
exteriorization of the colon.
d. Centesis Operations. Centesis operations include the following kinds of
procedures, with examples:
Thoracentesis--puncture of the chest wall for the aspiration of fluid.
Trephine--operation of the cornea; an opening is made into the cornea
by inserting a trephine.