Quantcast Sodium bicarbonate - Drug Dosage and Theraphy

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
which is not easily absorbed by the lining of the stomach. The accompanying anion, for
example, a hydroxide or carbonate ion, helps neutralize the extra acid concentration in
the stomach. The cations from the antacid react with anions in a portion of the small
intestine called the jejunum, where the pH is basic, and the compound thus formed may
produce additional antacid effects in the small intestine.
2-21. SODIUM BICARBONATE
a. Action and Uses. Sodium bicarbonate, a systemic antacid, may be used to
combat systemic acidosis or render the urine alkaline. As a gastric antacid, it has
several disadvantages: its duration of action is short; its reaction with hydrochloric acid
produces carbon dioxide, which may cause stomach pains or exacerbate an ulcer, and
it will produce systemic alkalosis.
b. Usual Dose. The usual dose is 300 mg to 2 grams, 1 to 4 times daily.
c. Supply. Sodium bicarbonate is supplied as 600-mg tablets and as a powder.
It is also available as a tablet combined with charcoal and peppermint.
2-22. ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE GEL
a. Action and Uses. Aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel) is not an adsorbent, but it
does act chemically to neutralize gastric acidity. It is a nonsystemic antacid.
b. Administration. The drug is usually given orally 1 hour after meals or when
needed. The average single dose of tablets is 0.6 gm (2 tablets). The tablets are
chewed thoroughly before being swallowed. The usual dose of the liquid is 5 to 15 ml.
The bottle is shaken thoroughly before the drug is poured.
c. Untoward Effects. Constipation occurs in some people who take aluminum
compounds. However, there are no systemic effects, since the drug is not absorbed
from the gastrointestinal tract.
d. Cautions and Contraindications. The liquid preparation should be kept
from freezing.
e. Supply. The drug is supplied as a liquid suspension (320mg/5ml) in one-pint
bottles and as 300 mg and 600 mg flavored tablets.
2-23. ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE GEL AND MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE
a. Action and Uses. Magnesium hydroxide is an antacid that acts both by
chemically reacting with stomach acid and by adsorbing it. This preparation is used to
treat hyperacidity and ulcers of the stomach. The drug is not adsorbed from the
intestinal tract. A preparation of magnesium hydroxide combined with aluminum
MD0913
2-14



Medical News
Grand Roundup: Top posts for the week of Aug. 24
The five most-read stories this week on Scope were: “Sleep...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
To Pee or Not to Pee? That's Improbable!
(MedPage Today) -- That?s Improbable! is MedPage Today?s weekly roundup...
medpagetoday.com
ESC on SIGNIFY: No Comment
BARCELONA (MedPage Today) -- The results of SIGNIFY, a study...
medpagetoday.com
Firm Date for ICD-10 Switch Still Not Raising Urgency
WASHINGTON (MedPage Today) -- Although there is a firm date...
medpagetoday.com
ESC: Gout Drug Some Help in Heart Surgery (CME/CE)
BARCELONA (MedPage Today) -- Giving the gout drug colchicine perioperatively...
medpagetoday.com
ESC: Novel Heart Failure Drug a Game-Changer (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- An investigational heart failure drug being developed...
medpagetoday.com
Tax forms could pose challenge for HealthCare.gov
If you got health coverage through President Barack Obama's law...
medicalxpress.com
Sudden death predictor identifies ICD candidates in new ESC Guidelines
Saturday 30 August 2014: A new sudden death predictor for...
medicalxpress.com
The early cost of HIV: Inflammatory response breaks down intestinal lining, but help may come from friendly bacteria
Researchers at UC Davis have made some surprising discoveries about...
medicalxpress.com
First expert consensus on ventricular arrhythmias published
The first expert consensus on ventricular arrhythmias is published today....
medicalxpress.com
First comprehensive ESC Guidelines on aortic diseases published
The first comprehensive ESC Guidelines on aortic diseases are published...
medicalxpress.com
First recommendations on all new oral anticoagulants in pulmonary embolism published
The first recommendations on the use of all new oral...
medicalxpress.com
First multidisciplinary recommendations on management of arrhythmias in ACS patients
The first multidisciplinary recommendations on the management of arrhythmias in...
medicalxpress.com
ESC/EACTS revascularization guidelines stress benefit of revascularization in stable CAD
The therapeutic benefit of revascularisation in coronary artery disease (CAD)...
medicalxpress.com
Study shows cavities have become the most common childhood disease
A Washington Post blog entry published earlier this week reports...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Study shows cavities have become the most common childhood disease
A Washington Post blog entry published earlier this week reports...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
CMS Shuts Down Sunshine Act Database -- Again
WASHINGTON (MedPage Today) -- The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid...
medpagetoday.com
Tweet of the Week: Where We Donate vs. What Kills Us
(MedPage Today) -- Welcome to another edition of the MedPage...
medpagetoday.com
ZMapp Ebola Drug Effective in Macaques (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- A controversial cocktail of Ebola antibodies was...
medpagetoday.com
Friday Feedback: VA Lessons
(MedPage Today) -- In hindsight, what are the real lessons...
medpagetoday.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +