Quantcast Sodium bicarbonate - Drug Dosage and Theraphy

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
which is not easily absorbed by the lining of the stomach. The accompanying anion, for
example, a hydroxide or carbonate ion, helps neutralize the extra acid concentration in
the stomach. The cations from the antacid react with anions in a portion of the small
intestine called the jejunum, where the pH is basic, and the compound thus formed may
produce additional antacid effects in the small intestine.
2-21. SODIUM BICARBONATE
a. Action and Uses. Sodium bicarbonate, a systemic antacid, may be used to
combat systemic acidosis or render the urine alkaline. As a gastric antacid, it has
several disadvantages: its duration of action is short; its reaction with hydrochloric acid
produces carbon dioxide, which may cause stomach pains or exacerbate an ulcer, and
it will produce systemic alkalosis.
b. Usual Dose. The usual dose is 300 mg to 2 grams, 1 to 4 times daily.
c. Supply. Sodium bicarbonate is supplied as 600-mg tablets and as a powder.
It is also available as a tablet combined with charcoal and peppermint.
2-22. ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE GEL
a. Action and Uses. Aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel) is not an adsorbent, but it
does act chemically to neutralize gastric acidity. It is a nonsystemic antacid.
b. Administration. The drug is usually given orally 1 hour after meals or when
needed. The average single dose of tablets is 0.6 gm (2 tablets). The tablets are
chewed thoroughly before being swallowed. The usual dose of the liquid is 5 to 15 ml.
The bottle is shaken thoroughly before the drug is poured.
c. Untoward Effects. Constipation occurs in some people who take aluminum
compounds. However, there are no systemic effects, since the drug is not absorbed
from the gastrointestinal tract.
d. Cautions and Contraindications. The liquid preparation should be kept
from freezing.
e. Supply. The drug is supplied as a liquid suspension (320mg/5ml) in one-pint
bottles and as 300 mg and 600 mg flavored tablets.
2-23. ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE GEL AND MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE
a. Action and Uses. Magnesium hydroxide is an antacid that acts both by
chemically reacting with stomach acid and by adsorbing it. This preparation is used to
treat hyperacidity and ulcers of the stomach. The drug is not adsorbed from the
intestinal tract. A preparation of magnesium hydroxide combined with aluminum
MD0913
2-14



Medical News
How are flight attendants affected by plane disasters?
A few nights after the recent plane crash in Ukraine,...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Acetaminophen Fails in Back Pain Trial
(MedPage Today) -- The use of acetaminophen for acute low-back...
medpagetoday.com
Study Quantifies Cancer Risk of Morcellation (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- One of every 368 women treated with...
medpagetoday.com
New York law offers nurses more recognition, responsibility
If past experience is anything to go by, nurse practitioners...
medicalxpress.com
Pain and itch may be signs of skin cancer
Asking patients if a suspicious skin lesion is painful or...
medicalxpress.com
Tox-Sparing HIV Regimen Falls Short
(MedPage Today) -- MELBOURNE, Australia -- Another HIV regimen intended...
medpagetoday.com
Poland suffers first cases of African swine fever in pigs
Poland on Wednesday confirmed its first cases of deadly swine...
medicalxpress.com
Greater odds of adverse childhood experiences in those with military service
Men and women who have served in the military have...
medicalxpress.com
Monitoring pulse after stroke may prevent a second stroke
New research suggests that regularly monitoring your pulse after a...
medicalxpress.com
A quiz on the social determinants of health
Given the topic of today’s SMS-Unplugged entry, during which Moises...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Enhanced recovery program following colorectal surgery at community hospitals
An enhanced recovery program for patients after colorectal surgery appears...
medicalxpress.com
Study examines postoperative pneumonia prevention program in surgical ward
A postoperative pneumonia prevention program for patients in the surgical...
medicalxpress.com
FDA warns of compounded drug recall by Texas firm
(AP)—The Food and Drug Administration is warning doctors not to...
medicalxpress.com
Hormones after breast cancer: Not fuel for the fire after all?
A new study supports a growing body of research suggesting...
medicalxpress.com
More on the Navy pilot with mysterious symptoms – and the Stanford doctors who diagnosed him
Last week, we blogged about a Navy pilot whose mysterious...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Monitoring, Dose Adjustment for Pradaxa? (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Blood level monitoring and dose adjustment for...
medpagetoday.com
'Kick' Study Excites AIDS Meeting
(MedPage Today) -- MELBOURNE, Australia -- A trial with only...
medpagetoday.com
Lymphoma Drug Gets Trio of FDA Approvals
WASHINGTON (MedPage Today) -- The FDA has approved the novel...
medpagetoday.com
Researchers find unsuspected characteristics of new CF drugs, offering potential paths to more effective therapies
In lab experiments using tissue samples cultured from cystic fibrosis...
medicalxpress.com
Video Games Help Teens Gain HIV Smarts
(MedPage Today) -- MELBOURNE, Australia -- If you want teenagers...
medpagetoday.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +