Quantcast Sodium bicarbonate - Drug Dosage and Theraphy

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
which is not easily absorbed by the lining of the stomach. The accompanying anion, for
example, a hydroxide or carbonate ion, helps neutralize the extra acid concentration in
the stomach. The cations from the antacid react with anions in a portion of the small
intestine called the jejunum, where the pH is basic, and the compound thus formed may
produce additional antacid effects in the small intestine.
2-21. SODIUM BICARBONATE
a. Action and Uses. Sodium bicarbonate, a systemic antacid, may be used to
combat systemic acidosis or render the urine alkaline. As a gastric antacid, it has
several disadvantages: its duration of action is short; its reaction with hydrochloric acid
produces carbon dioxide, which may cause stomach pains or exacerbate an ulcer, and
it will produce systemic alkalosis.
b. Usual Dose. The usual dose is 300 mg to 2 grams, 1 to 4 times daily.
c. Supply. Sodium bicarbonate is supplied as 600-mg tablets and as a powder.
It is also available as a tablet combined with charcoal and peppermint.
2-22. ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE GEL
a. Action and Uses. Aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel) is not an adsorbent, but it
does act chemically to neutralize gastric acidity. It is a nonsystemic antacid.
b. Administration. The drug is usually given orally 1 hour after meals or when
needed. The average single dose of tablets is 0.6 gm (2 tablets). The tablets are
chewed thoroughly before being swallowed. The usual dose of the liquid is 5 to 15 ml.
The bottle is shaken thoroughly before the drug is poured.
c. Untoward Effects. Constipation occurs in some people who take aluminum
compounds. However, there are no systemic effects, since the drug is not absorbed
from the gastrointestinal tract.
d. Cautions and Contraindications. The liquid preparation should be kept
from freezing.
e. Supply. The drug is supplied as a liquid suspension (320mg/5ml) in one-pint
bottles and as 300 mg and 600 mg flavored tablets.
2-23. ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE GEL AND MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE
a. Action and Uses. Magnesium hydroxide is an antacid that acts both by
chemically reacting with stomach acid and by adsorbing it. This preparation is used to
treat hyperacidity and ulcers of the stomach. The drug is not adsorbed from the
intestinal tract. A preparation of magnesium hydroxide combined with aluminum
MD0913
2-14



Medical News
Signposts for improving cancer survival rates in Wales
The findings of a new in-depth study of cancer could...
medicalxpress.com
Global trial finds HIV drugs should be taken right after diagnosis
(HealthDay)—People with HIV should start taking medications to battle the...
medicalxpress.com
A sight for sore eyes: Visually training medical students to better identify melanomas
Each year, thousands of Canadians are given the news: they...
medicalxpress.com
We trust kids to know what gender they are
I will start by asking two questions: at what age...
medicalxpress.com
Rare reaction puts 8-year-old on waiting list for 2d heart transplant
An 8-year-old Spanaway, Wash., girl has been hospitalized since December...
medicalxpress.com
Study identifies pathway that may cause seizures and shorten survival for patients with severe brain tumors
Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham have identified...
medicalxpress.com
Higher tobacco prices are an effective preventative measure
Thirty percent of the estimated 2.3 million smokers in Austria...
medicalxpress.com
Researchers assess non-fatal suicidal behaviors in US Army administrative records
Although the U.S. Army suicide rate is known to have...
medicalxpress.com
Vegan diet might ease diabetic nerve pain
(HealthDay)—A vegan diet might help people with diabetes-related nerve damage...
medicalxpress.com
Poor diet can cause Alzheimer's or Parkinson's in rats
For several years, a researcher fed rodents in his laboratory...
medicalxpress.com
Your smartphone could be good for your mental health
When it comes to mental health, technologies such as smartphones...
medicalxpress.com
Why male suicides outnumber female
Finally, Drummond had everything he'd ever dreamed of. He'd come...
medicalxpress.com
Australian GPs lead the way with early referrals for suspected cancer patients
Doctors in Victoria and New South Wales are more likely...
medicalxpress.com
How mutations in a high risk gene affect motor neurons
Scientists at the flagship motor neuron disease research centre, based...
medicalxpress.com
Conceptual confusion among researchers of value-based health care
A new study from Karolinska Institutet suggests that the management...
medicalxpress.com
Could better tests have predicted the rare circumstances of the Germanwings crash? Probably not
When people do terrible things, it seems reasonable to believe...
medicalxpress.com
Study explores development of epilepsy after brain injury
Scientists at Newcastle University will carry out a pioneering study...
medicalxpress.com
New biospecimen bank enrolls more than 12,000 patients, begins dispersing samples to researchers
More than 12,000 UK HealthCare patients have consented to join...
medicalxpress.com
African-American families share autism experiences in new video series
Sometimes, a personal story is what it takes to connect...
medicalxpress.com
Researchers identify unexpected functions in the determination of height for a gene expressed in sperm
An interdisciplinary research team led by the deans of Virginia...
medicalxpress.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +