Table 8-1. Minor discomforts of the body systems.
b. Heartburn (Pyrosis).
(1) Heartburn is a burning sensation in the epigastric and sternal region. It
results from relaxation of the cardiac sphincter and the decreased tone and mobility of
smooth muscles which is due to increased progesterone thereby allowing for
esophageal regurgitation, decreased emptying time of the stomach, and reverse
Nursing interventions consist of advising the patient to:
(a) Eat frequent, small meals.
Take sips of milk or hot tea.
(d) Avoid fatty and gas-forming foods.
Maintain good posture to give the gastrointestinal tract lots of
Do not lie down after eating.